Busy bodies, busy fingers and busy minds!

Occupational Therapy Definitions:

Gross motor skills:
Are the abilities required in order to control the large muscles of the body for walking, running, sitting, crawling, hopping, skipping and other activities.

Fine motor skills:
Are movements mainly produced by the body's small muscle groups. It is small precise movements with the hand and fingers over which the person has good control. Examples are picking up small objects, holding and eating with a small, grasping a pencil, using a scissors etc.

Visual perception:
Visual perception can be described as the capability of a human being’s brain to make meaning of and comprehend what the eyes see. (Martin, 2006). It involves the ability to perceive and notice forms, objects, colours and additional attributes as well as the precise judgment of objects based on the length, breath, shape and orientation in space. ((AOTA), 2008). Visual perception skills are important as it forms the foundation for the learning of scholastic skills which includes writing, spelling, reading and math skills.

Visual-motor integration:
This requires the co-ordination of visual perception with body movements and actions. (Schneck, 2010). It is the process of how an object is observed and how it is reproduced on a motor level.

Attention and concentration:
The ability to focus attention and then concentrate on a task for a given period of time.